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Diagnosis of Hernia

Various diagnostic modalities for effective diagnosis of Hernia
A physical exam is usually all that's needed to diagnose an inguinal hernia. Your doctor will check for a bulge in the groin area. Because standing and coughing can make a hernia more prominent, you'll likely be asked to stand and cough or strain.If the diagnosis isn't readily apparent, your doctor might order an imaging test, such as an abdominal ultrasound, CT scan or MRI.

Symptoms of a Hernia 

  1. The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may notice a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh meet. You’re more likely to feel your hernia through touch when you’re standing up.
  2. If your baby has a hernia, you may only be able to feel the bulge when he or she is crying. A bulge is typically the only symptom of an umbilical hernia.
  3. Other symptoms
  1. pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually the lower abdomen), especially when bending over, coughing, or lifting
  2. weakness, pressure, or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen
  3. a burning, gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the bulge

Other symptoms of a hiatal hernia include:


  1. acid reflux, which is when stomach acid moves backward into the esophagus causing a burning sensation
  2. chest pain
  3. difficulty swallowing

What are key tests for diagnosis of Hernia including difficult hernia?

  1. Ultra sonography Abdomen,Pelvis,Scrotum
  2. CT abdomen,pelvis,Scrotum
  3. MRI Abdomen, pelvis
  4. Clinical Checkup