An inguinal hernia /ˈɪŋɡwɨnəl ˈhɜrniə/ is a protrusion of abdominal-cavity contents through the inguinal canal. Symptoms are present in about 66% of people. This may include pain or discomfort especially with coughing, exercise, or bowel movements. Often it gets worse throughout the day and improves when lying down. A bulging area may occur that becomes larger when bearing down. Inguinal hernias occur more often on the right than left side. The main concern is strangulation, where the blood supply to part of the bowel is blocked. This usually produces severe pain and tenderness of the area.
A hernia is present at the site of the umbilicus (commonly called a navel, or belly button)
Congenital umbilical hernia is a congenital malformation of the navel (umbilicus). Among adults, it is three times more common in women than in men; among children, the ratio is roughly equal. It is also found to be more common in children of African descent. An acquired umbilical hernia directly results from increased intra-abdominal pressure caused by obesity, heavy lifting, a long history of coughing, or multiple pregnancies..
An incisional hernia is a defect of the fascia of the abdominal wall following any incision, most commonly surgical incision.or incisional (following surgery including prior primary ventral hernia repair and trauma)incisional hernias present as a bulge or protrusion at or near the area of a surgical incision
A hiatus hernia or hiatal hernia is the protrusion (or herniation) of the upper part of the stomach into the thorax through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm. Hiatus hernias often result in heartburn but may also cause chest pain or pain with eating.
Femoral hernias occur just below the inguinal ligament, when abdominal contents pass through a naturally occurring weakness called the femoral canal. Femoral hernias are a relatively uncommon type, accounting for only 3% of all hernias. While femoral hernias can occur in both males and females, almost all of them develop in women because of the wider bone structure of the female pelvis.
An epigastric hernia is a type of hernia which may develop in the epigastrium (upper, central part of the abdomen). Epigastric hernias usually appear in adults. Unlike the benign diastasis recti, epigastric hernia may trap fat and other tissues inside the opening of the hernia, causing pain and tissue damage..
This is a hernia that develops through your spigelian fascia. The spigelian fascia is the layers of broad flat tendons that join the muscles. It is located between your semilunar line and your rectus abdominis muscle. The semilunar line is the curved line found on either side of your rectus abdominis muscles, which is located in the front of your body beginning at your pubic bone and ending at your sternum.
A ventral hernia is a hole in the muscles of the abdominal wall that bulges out. The bulge is noticeable anywhere in the middle of the abdominal wall.
Symptoms of ventral hernia such as pain or swelling are common, but there can also be nausea and/or vomiting.