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What is Hernia?

Details about Hernia formation in Adults,Babies,Women

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What is Hernia? INTRO WITH IMAGE

Herniation process is long standing in the body.This is not a disease.It is a lifestyle related condition.

Reasons for Having Hernia 

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time.

Common causes of muscle weakness include:
  1. failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
  2. age
  3. chronic coughing
  4. damage from injury or surgery
Factors that strain your body and may cause a hernia, especially if your muscles are weak, include:
  1. being pregnant, which puts pressure on your abdomen
  2. being constipated, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
  3. heavy weight lifting
  4. fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
  5. suddenly gaining weight
  6. persistent coughing or sneezing
  7. Tobacco use/Smoking

What is Hernia?

A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall.


Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas. Most hernias are not immediately life threatening, but they don’t go away on their own and can require surgery to prevent potentially dangerous complications.


Am I at risk for a hernia?


The factors that increase your risk of developing a hernia include:


  1. a personal or family history of hernias
  2. being overweight or obese
  3. a chronic cough
  4. chronic constipation
  5. smoking, which can trigger a chronic cough

Conditions such as cystic fibrosis can also indirectly increase your risk of developing a hernia. Cystic fibrosis impairs the function of the lungs, causing a chronic cough.

What are the symptoms of a hernia?

The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may notice a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh meet. You’re more likely to feel your hernia through touch when you’re standing up.

If your baby has a hernia, you may only be able to feel the bulge when he or she is crying. A bulge is typically the only symptom of an umbilical hernia.


Other common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:


  1. pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually the lower abdomen), especially when bending over, coughing, or lifting
  2. weakness, pressure, or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen
  3. a burning, gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the bulge

Other symptoms of a hiatal hernia include:


  1. acid reflux, which is when stomach acid moves backward into the esophagus causing a burning sensation
  2. chest pain
  3. difficulty swallowing

In some cases, hernias have no symptoms. You may not know you have a hernia unless it shows up during a routine physical or a medical exam for an unrelated problem.